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HST 110/111: World Civilizations I & II

Cite Your Sources with Handbook for Historians

All sources should be cited using Handbook for Historians. 

The following pages on formatting a bibliography, formatting endnotes/footnotes, creating an annotated bibliography and paraphrasing and quoting sources are all excerpts from the Handbook for Historian. 

Format Bibliography - Learn how to format your bibliography and how to properly cite your various sources in your bibliography.

Format Endnotes/footnotes - Learn how to use endnotes/footnotes within your paper to reference your sources.

Annotated Bibliography - Learn what an annotated bibliography is and how to create one.

Paraphrase and Quote Sources - Learn the difference between a direct quote and paraphrasing, how to use them properly in your paper and when citations are not needed.

For more information, please view the full Handbook for Historians guide.

Organize Your Sources With Zotero

Zotero is the Library's recommended citation management tool. Zotero is a free, easy-to-use citation management application to help you collect, organize, cite, and also share research with a group for a collaborative project.

There is a web-based version of Zotero as well as a desktop version that you can install on your device. These versions can sync with each other.

Learn how to use Zotero with the Zotero Guide

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